ARCHI TIMES - ISSN No. 2073-9001, A+i - ISSN No. 2073 - 901X

Six New Books by Arif Hasan and Colleagues

In the last year and a half, Arif Hasan has produced five books, two with the involvement of his colleagues. The description of the books and where they are available is given below.

1. Participatory Development by Arif Hasan. Published by Oxford University Press

The book is divided into three parts. Part one consists of a description (including statistics) of the poverty, environmental and community related national and the urban contexts within which these projects have been established.

Part two is the story of the OPP-RTI, its origins, its culture and the evolution of its sanitation, housing and education programmes along with a description and evaluation of the processes, communities, NGOS, government agencies and donors involved in them and the principles and advocacy strategies that emerge out of the work of the OPP-RTI. The impact of the OPP-RTI's work, its policy implications and the views of its detractors also form a chapter of this part.

Part three describes the work of the URC and the model of research, advocacy and consultation with the actors in the urban drama of Karachi so as to promote a more equitable and just model of urban development which benefits low income communities which form the vast majority of the city population.

2. The Unplanned Revolution by Arif Hasan, published by Oxford University Press, Karachi

The book is divided into six sections, representing the different ecological regions of Pakistan. These sections are the Mountains, Indus Plains and Western Highlands, The Desert, the River (Indus), the Coast and the City. The social, economic, physical and governance related changes that have taken place in these regions are described through extracts from reports, field notes for different development related work and media articles prepared by the author and through extracts from his personal dairies.

The writings identify past socio-economic conditions as viewed by the communities the author worked or interacted with, present conditions and emerging trends. It also identifies the actors of change, their relationships with each other and with the largr physical and political context on the other.

The section on the city deals with the informal sector in the provision of land and services, the impact of globalisation on culture and development and contains geographies of resistance by communities to "insensitive" development projects.

3.Planning and Development Options for Karachi by Arif Hasan, published by Shehersaaz, Islamabad, Tel. 0300-551 0764, web:

"Planning and Development Options for Karachi is a compilation of articles contributed over the years in Daily Dawn by Arif Hasan, Pakistan's internationally known architect, urban planner and teacher. This compilation is an effort by Shehersaaz (City Makers) to address the acute scarity of quality urban literature with special reference to Pakistan by making these articles available in the form of a book for students, teachers, policy makers, social activists, development practitioners and those who opt to think and struggle for humanising the urban places we live in." Quoted from the introduction to the book by Abdul Shakoor Sindhu.

4. The Scale and Causes of Urban Change in Pakistan by Arif Hasan, published by Ushba Publishing International, Karachi. Tel: 452 1391,

The book is divided into two parts. The first part consists of the text which tries to identify the changes that have taken place in Pakistan due to urbanization, the reasons behind them and their physical, social and political repercussions. The second part has two sub-sections. The first sub-section consists of statistical tables regarding Pakistan as a whole and of the provinces that constitute the country. The second sub-section consists of statistical data related to Karachi and its analysis.

5. Hijrat Aur Pakistan Mein Chotey Shehr (Urdu)
By Arif Hasan & Mansoor Raza, published, By Ushba Publishing, International, Karachi,
Tel: 452 1391,

The book describes the political, geographical and ecological context within which migrations to and from Pakistan have taken place. These include migrations from India because of the establishment of the canal colonies in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and because of the Kashmir Wars and from Afghanistan and Bangladesh in the 70's and 80's. The scale of rural-urban migration and emigration has also been dealt with along with its history, causes, repercussions (social, physical, economic and demographic both in the rural areas and in the small towns) and processes (both legal and illegal) and their actors such as emigrant organizations, state and private agencies and illegal operators. The book also deals with the effect of remittances on Pakistan's macro economy and the response of the state to the emigration phenomena along with the evolution of small towns in general and of Mithi, Uch and Chiniot in particular. The relationship between political power, land ownership, urban form and development in these three towns has also been researched and analysed. The text is supported by a number of boxes, statistical tables, maps and interviews of the actors in the migration and emigration drama.

6. The Hawkers of Saddar Bazaar by Arif Hasan, Asiya Sadiq Polak and Christophe Polak, published by Ushba Publishing International, Karachi, tel: 452 1391, email:

Saddar's problems can only be solved as part of a larger city planning exercises that deals with the traffic and transport problems of the city in general and Saddar in particular. The hawkers and entertainers in Saddar have to be seen as part of the transport issue and the transport issues as a part of them, without which their effective rehabilitation cannot take place. The proposals presented are not sacrosanct and many alternatives to the traffic plan that has been proposed can be developed. However, if the concepts behind the proposals form the basis of a future revitalisation plan for Saddar, then Saddar can be converted into a multi-class entertainment and recreational area which the present day socially fragmented Karachi needs.

Arif Hasan - Brief C.V.
Arif Hasan is an architect/planner in private practice in Karachi. He studied architecture at the Oxford Polytechnic and on his return to Karachi in 1968, established an independent practice which slowly evolved into dealing with urban planning and development issues in general and of Asia and Pakistan in particular.

He has been a consultant and advisor to many local and foreign CBOs, national and international NGOs, and bilateral and multilateral donor agencies. Since 1982, he has been involved with the Orangi Pilot Project (OPP) and is one of the founders of the Urban Resource Centre (URC), Karachi and its Chairman since its inception in 1989. Both institutions have received international recognition and are being replicated both nationally and in a number of other countries. The OPP is an informal settlement upgrading project whose development is managed and funded by local communities. The URC is a research and advocacy organization supporting communities against eviction and against gentrification and/or degradation of Karachi's inner city.

Arif Hasan has taught at Pakistani and European universities, served on juries of international architectural and development competitions, and is the author of a number of books on development and planning dealing with Asian cities in general and Karachi in particular. He was a celebrity speaker at the Union of International Architects Congress in Brighton in 1987 and has been a member of the Steering Committee of the Aga Khan Award for two cycles and a member of its Master Jury. He is currently on the board of several international journals and research organizations including the Bangkok based Asian Coalition for Housing Rights of which he is a founding member. He is currently a visiting fellow at the International Institute for Environment and Development, UK. He is also a member of the India Committee of Honour for the International Network for Traditional Building, Architecture and Urbanism. He has served on a number of UN committees including those related to the Millennium Development Goals and is currently a member of the UN Advisory Group on Forced Evictions. He has received a number of awards for his work (which spans many countries) including the UN Year for the Shelterless Memorial Award of the Japanese Government (1990), the Prince Claus Award of the Netherlands Government (2000), and the Hilal-i-Imtiaz of the Government of Pakistan (2001). Recently, he has been given a Life Time Achievement Award by the Institute of Architects, Pakistan (2003). The Orangi Project-Research and Training Institute, of which Arif Hasan is Chairman, received the British Housing Foundation's World Habitat Award in 2002.